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Ngo Dynasty

The Ngo Dynasty (Vietnamese: Nha Ngo; Han tu: ??, Ngo Trieu; 939-967) was a dynasty in Vietnam. Around the year 930 AD, as Ngo Quyen (??) rose to power, northern Vietnam was a province and vassal state of China and was referred to as Giao Chi (??).

The Ngo Dynasty (Vietnamese: Nha Ngo; Han tu: ??, Ngo Trieu; 939-967) was a dynasty in Vietnam. Around the year 930 AD, as Ngo Quyen (??) rose to power, northern Vietnam was a province and vassal state of China and was referred to as Giao Chi (??). Every year the governor/administrator of Giao Chi had to pay tribute and give offerings to China. During the beginning of the 900s, China was plagued and weakened by internal in-fighting during what is known as the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period. The celestial emperor of China thus had his mind and hands full of problems in the North. Giao Chi took this opportunity to proclaim its independence and self government. Under the administration of Duong ?inh Nghe (???), this took place.

Duong ?inh (Dien) Nghe


Duong ?inh Nghe (
???, 937-938) was the self-appointed administrator around 930. Previously, he had been considered a skillful and talented general under Khuc Hao (??), descendant of the Khuc family who had sought independence of the nation from the Chinese for three generations in the early 900s. Duong ?inh Nghe's rule however was challenged and defeated by local strongman Kieu Cong Tien (???) who elevated himself to the post of governor/administrator but who would not remain in a position of power for long.

Tien Ngo Vuong (
???[citation needed]) or Ngo V?uog (??), reign: 939-944

Ngo Quyen (897-944) was Duong ?inh Nghe's favorite and most loyal general. He served under Duong ?inh Nghe's command and married one of his daughters. After he saw his mentor and father-in-law killed, Ngo Quyen sought revenge. He challenged and defeated Kieu Cong Tien in 938. The latter, before his death and battle with Ngo Quyen, had sent an emissary to China to ask for help. The Chinese emperor sent an army to the South to rescue Kieu Cong Tien in 938. Ngo Quyen had been warned of their coming and waited at Bach ?ang River to destroy the Chinese army, the first of his many victories at the famous river. Ngo Quyen then ascended to the throne and took the name
Ngo Vuong. He moved the capital back to Co Loa Thanh. He reigned for only five years, until 944, when he died at age 47. A short reign for an ambitious emperor to reorganize the country. Nevertheless, Ngo Vuong ushered in a new Vietnamese era of continuous independence and self-governance.

1st Battle of Bach ?ang River (
???): To defeat the Chinese army coming to supply aid to his rival, Ngo Vuong cleverly planted iron spikes underneath the Bach ?ang River and timed the attack of the Southern Han navy. The attack began during high tide in order to conceal the spikes beneath the water. After the Vietnamese held the enemy in place for a few hours, the tides receded and the spikes impaled the boats. The Vietnamese forces followed this impalement with fire attacks, which annihilated the huge warships. The Southern Han navy and the Prince of Southern Han were killed. This tactic was repeated again during the Tr?n Dynasty by Tr?n H?ng ??o against the third Mongol Invasion.

Duong Tam Kha (
???), reign: 944-950

Before his death, Ngo Vuong's wish was to see his brother-in-law Duong Tam Kha act as regent for his son Ngo Xuong Ngap (
???). However Ngo Vuong's wish was not fulfilled. D??ng Tam Kha usurped the throne and proclaimed himself "Binh V??ng" (??). He took Ng? X??ng Ng?p's younger brother, Ngo Xuong Van as his adopted son and made him heir to the throne. Fearing for his life, Ngo Xuong Ngap went into hiding with his retinue. Duong Tam Kha's reign was unpopular and many revolts and rebellions sprung up across the country.

Hau Ngo Vuong (
???): Nam Tan Vuong (???) & Thien Sach Vuong (???), co-reign: 950-954

Ngo Xuong Van (
???) deposed Duong Tam Kha in 950 and styled himself "Nam Tan Vuong." Out of respect for his uncle, Ngo Xuong Van did not have him killed, but merely demoted him and sent him into exile. Ng? Xuong Van then searched out his older brother Ngo Xuong Ngap in order to share the throne with him. After arriving at the capital, Ngo Xuong Ngap styled himself "Thien Sach Vuong."

Thien Sach Vuong (
???[citation needed])?reign: 954-965

Brought back by his younger brother Ngo Xuong Van to the throne, Ngo Xuong Ngap soon abused his rights as the oldest son and began to rule Giao Chi as dictator. The country was ripe for open rivalries between different lords who fought each other to become the next successor.


Ngo Su Quan (
???[citation needed])?reign: 965-968

After Ngo Xuong Ngap's death in 965, his son Ngo Xuong Xi (
???) succeeded him. But as he ascended to the throne Ngo Xuong Xi was faced with the daunting task of having his rule recognized by the now open rivalry between the 12 lords who fought one another as they vied for control of the country. With the announcement of his rule, the country was thrown into a chaotic period called the Thap Nhi Su Quan (????[citation needed]) Rebellion.
"The 12 Lords Rebellion" or "Thap Nhi Su Quan Rebellion" (966-968)

 
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