|Capital: Ha Long
Area: 5,899.6 km2
Ethnicities: Viet , Tay, Dao, San Chay, San Diu, Hoa...
|Calling code: 033 |
|Town and Districts|
|Towns: Cam Pha, Mong Cai, Uong Bi; Districts: Ba Che, Binh Lieu, Hai Ha, Dam Ha, Tien Yen, Van Don, Hoanh Bo, Dong |
|General Information |
|Quang Ninh is a province in northern Vietnam. This province has the shape of an oblique rectangle inclined in a north-east to south-west direction. To the west, the province borders an extended forest and mountain region. To the east, it is adjacent to the Gulf of Bac Bo. It features a meandering coastline, numerous estuaries and tidal flats and more than 2,000 large and small islands. Exactly 1,030 of these have been named. Quang Ninh's coordinates are longitude 106o25' to 108o25' east and latitude 20o40' to 21040' north. Its width from east to west is 195 km (at the widest part).|
The total length from north to south is 102 km. The northernmost point is in mountain range at Mo To?ng village (Hoanh Mo Commune, Binh Lieu District). The southernmost point is in H? Mai Island (Ngoc Vung Commune, Van Don District). The westernmost point is in Vang Chua River (Binh Du?ng and Nguyen Hue communes, Dong Trieu District). The easternmost point is inland at Got Cape, northeast of Tra Co Commune, Mong Cai Town.
Quang Ninh has a common national border with the People's Republic of China. Inland, north of province (Binh Lieu, Hai Ha districts and Mong Cai borders Fang Cheng District and Dong Hung Town in Guangxi Province, PRC with the borderline of 170 km. To the east, it adjuncts to Bac Bo Gulf. The province also borders L?ng S?n, Bac Giang and Hai Du?ng provinces to the west, and the city of Hai Ph?ng to the south. The coastal line is 250 km. The total area of Quang Ninh is 8,239.243 km2, of which 5,938 km2 is mainland. The area of islands, bays and sea is a tremendous 2,448.853 km2. The total area of the islands is 619.913 km2.
Quang Ninh is a mountainous and coastal province, with more than 80% of its area being made up of mountains and hills. The 2,000 some islands are also considered mountains. The mountainous zone can be divided into two parts: the eastern mountainous region extending from Tien Yen through Binh Lieu, Hai Ha, Dam Ha and Mong Cai; and the western zone ranging from Tien Yen through Ba Che and Hoanh Bo, north of Uong Bi Town. The former is a continuation of the Thap Van Dai Son range in China. There are two main chains: Quang Nam Chau 1,507 m and Cao Xiem 1,330 m. The western zone features smooth and curved mountains called Dong Trieu with Yen Tu Mount 1,068 m in Uong Bi region and Am Vap Mount 1,094 m in Hoanh Bo District.
The midland and coastal plains include a low range of hills weathered by both wind and water; forming fields and river basins. They include the zones of Dong Trieu, Uong Bi, northern Yen Hung, southern Tien Yen, Hai Ha and some of Mong Cai. In the estuaries, alluvial soil is deposited, creating low tidal flats. This can be found in the areas of southern Uong Bi, southern Yen Hung (Ha Nam Island), eastern Yen Hung, Dong Rui (Tien Yen), southern Dam Ha and Mong Cai, southeastern Hai Ha. The midlands and plains of the coastline are extremely favourable for agriculture and transport. It has become a densely populated area of the province.
The sea and island zone of Quang Ninh has a unique terrain. There are more than 2,000 islands, making up two thirds of the country?s islands. They extend along the coast for more than 250 km and divide into numerous layers. The largest islands are Cai Bau and Ban Sen, while the smallest are just like rocks in a garden. Van Don and Co To are island districts. There are thousand of islands on H? Long Bay and Bai Tu Long Bay, many of which contain caves. Besides areas of alluvial deposits, there are also white sand zones which have built up from tidal action. Some places have formed white sand mines producing materials for the glass industry (Van Hai), or have developed into wonderful tourism spots (Tra Co, Quan Lan, Minh Chau, Ngoc Vung).
The sea bottom terrain of Quang Ninh isn't smooth, and has an average depth of 20 m. There are the remnants of ancient streams and underwater rocky banks. The streams from the mainland connect to deep drains along the sea-floor; creating a series of waterways, canals and harbours along the coast.