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• Site Around City
 
 • Hom Chom • Phrathat Chae Haeng • Wat Suan Tan • Nan National Museum • Wat Phumin • Wat Nong Bua • Thung Chang Region • Traditional Boat Race • Ban Pak Nai • Pa Klang Hill tribe Village • Thai Lu Tribe Village • Rafting Along Wa River • Si Nan National Park • Doi Phuka National Park • Khun Nan National Park • Khun Sathan National Park • Nunthaburi National Park • Tham Sa-kern National Park • Wat Chang Kham
 
Geography Demographics Telephone
Capital:Nan
Location: Northern
Area: 11,472.1 km2
Population: 458,041
Density: 40 /km2
Calling code
Town and Districts
Mueang Nan, Mae Charim, Ban Luang, Na Noi, Pua, Tha Wang Pha, Wiang Sa, Thung Chang, Chiang Klang, Na Muen, Santi Suk, Bo Kluea, Song Khwae, Chaloem Phra Kiat, Phu Phiang
General Information
The quiet and tranquil province of Nan nestles in a verdant valley in northern Thailand. About 668 kilometres from Bangkok, it covers an area of 11,472 square kilometres and is made up of the following districts: Mueang, Wiang Sa, Na Noi, Pua, Chiang Klang, Tha Wang Pha, Thung Chang, Mae Charim, Ban Luang, Na Mun, Santi Suk, Bo Kluea, Chaloem Phra Kiat, Song Khwae, and Phu Phiang.
History
The history of Nan province is deeply involved with its neighbours, in particular Sukhothai which played an important role in both political and religious terms before Nan became a part of Lanna, Burma and Thailand in that order. Today Nan is still the home of numerous Thai Lue and other hilltribes who retain highly interesting customs and traditions.
For centuries Nan was an independent kingdom but, due to its remoteness, had few connections to the other kingdoms. The first kingdom around the city Mueang Pua (also known as Varanagara) was created in the late 13th century. Its rulers, the Phukha dynasty, were related to founders of Vientiane, however it became associated with the Sukhothai kingdom as it was easier to reach from the south than from the east or west. In the 14th century the capital was moved to its present location at Nan.
In the 15th century, when Sukhothai declined in power, it became vassal of the kingdom of Lannathai. In 1443 King Kaen Thao of Nan plotted to capture neighboring Phayao by asking King Tilokaraj to help him fight against Vietnamese troops attacking Nan, even though there was no such threat. Kaen Thao could kill the king of Phayao, however then the troops of Tilokaraj attacked Nan itself, and captured it in 1449.
When Lannathai was under Burmese rulership, Nan tried to liberate itself many times without success, which finally led to direct Burmese rulership of Nan in 1714. In 1788 the Burmese rulers could be finally fought back, however Nan had then accepted the new Siam rulers. In 1893 after the Paknam crisis Siam had to give a big part of eastern Nan to French Indochina. However Nan kept some degree of independence from the Siamese rulers, and it took until 1931 to become fully integrated into Thailand, and the province was then created.
Before the early 1980s bandits as well as People's Liberation Army of Thailand (PLAT) guerillas were a big problem in the province, usually destroying highway construction overnight. With the help of the army and the more stable political system the province improved significantly, but is still a very rural and remote one.
 
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