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Myanmar is Southeast Asia's largest country, sharing borders with China, Laos and Thailand in the east, and Bangladesh and India in the north, Myanmar has a 2,832 km seaboard with the Indian Ocean to the west and south.
Myanmar has the effects of the Monsoon in different parts of the country. Temperature varies from 38?C to 19?C; humidity from 82.8% to 66%. The ideal time to visit Myanmar is during the cool season. However, rainfall in Bagan and Mandalay is very low, even in the rainy season.
The chairman of the State Peace and Development Council, the military junta that rules Myanmar, serves as head of state. The government is headed by the prime minister. Myanmar's 1974 constitution was suspended in 1988, when a military junta assumed power. The process of drafting of a new constitution began in 1994, was suspended in 1996, and resumed in 2004; however, it did not included participation of the democratic opposition.
Myanmar suffered extensive damage in World War II, and some sectors of its economy have not yet fully recovered. About 70% of the population works in agriculture and forestry, and rice accounts for about half of the agricultural output.
Burma, officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, adopted a new state flag on 21 October 2010 to replace the former socialist flag in use since 1974. The new flag was introduced along with implementing changes to the country's name, which were laid out in the 2008 Constitution.
Almost every Myanmar/Burmese practices Myanmar people culture and traditions till date. Myanmar people are friendly, kind and hospital on all of people as Myanmar people culture. They are kind-hearted people and for example, a good Myanmar Burmese will never swear at the elders whether they are right or wrong. Myanmar Religion is part of the everyday lives of the Myanmar/Burmese people.
The number of languages of Burma (Myanmar) is 107. Burmese, spoken by approximately 65% of the populace, is the official language. However, a wide variety of languages are spoken, especially by ethnic minorities, representing four major language families: Sino-Tibetan, Austro-Asiatic, Kradai, and Indo-European.
In Union of Myanmar majority of the population are Buddhist, Theravada Buddhism is professed widely. Religious intolerance or discrimination on grounds of religion is non-existence in the Union of Myanmar throughout it's long history.
The educational system of Myanmar (Burma) is operated by the government Ministry of Education. Universities and professional institutes from upper Burma and lower Burma are run by two separate entities, the Departments of Higher Education (Lower Burma and Upper Burma), whose office headquarters are based in Yangon and Mandalay respectively.
There are 8 planets; Tuesday planet (Mars), Wednesday planet (Mercury), Thursday planet (Jupiter), Friday planet (Venus), Saturday planet (Saturn), Sunday planet (Sun), Monday planet (Mon) and Yahu.
Asia and Myanmar is full of very colorful and deep rooted festivals. Just think about all this Chinese festivals, Thai festivals, Malaysian festivals, Philippine festivals and so on, celebrations, the Indian multicultural festivals of the different ethnic groups and so on.
Ancestors of Myanmar called Prome Dynasty entered Southern parts of Ayeyarwady River from the upper parts of Chinese Rawsuko River over thousands years ago. Myanmar ancestors were said to be Mongolian. This Dynasty came to ruin in about 1 century AD.
In Myanmar, there are about 135 ethnic groups. Among them, the major races are Bamar, Shan, Kayin, Chin, Kachin, Kayah, Mon and Rakhine. They all have their own dialect, tradition, culture, legendary and traditional costume.
This is the excerpt from the paper prepared by Department of Architecture , Rangoon Institute of Technology in co-operation with the Department of Archaeology , The Ministry of Culture and Finance in 1989.
Rice is the main ingredient in typical Burmese Myanmar food meal, to which soups, curries, salads, condiments, meat and other dishes are added for nutrition and zest. At meal time, all these dishes are laid out on the dining table at one time so that the meal may be designed to suit the diners' individual taste.
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