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Geography Demographics Telephone
Capital: Dawei
Location: Southern
Area: 43,328 km2
Population: 1,327,400
Density: 30/ km2
Ethnicities: Bamar,Rakhine,Mon,Shan
Calling code
Town and Districts
Amherst, Mergui, Tavoy,Thaton, Toungoo
General Information
The Tanintharyi Division, better known by the old name Tenasserim , is a division of Myanmar, covering the long narrow southern part of the country on the Kra Isthmus. It borders the Andaman Sea to the west and Thailand to the east. To the north is the Mon State. The capital of the division is Dawei (Tavoy). The other main city is Mergui.
The Tanintharyi Division is home to sea traders, miners, fishers, farmers, rubber planters of diversed ethnic origins. There are Thais, Bamars, Mons, Kayins, sea Gypsies and Salons, just to name a few. On the coastal strip on the west are rice fields, and farms growing maize, suger cane, ground nut, chillies, onions, rubber and palm trees, durian, mangosteen, rambutan, and so on. 
The land is mountainous on the eastern border with Thailand. Indeed much of this hill ranges do not possess any good roads. There are a couple of border check points with Thailand, which are only for the local people. On the western shore with Andaman sea there are many beaches still unknown to outsiders, bays, rocks, cliffs, fishing and trade ports and hundreds of islands. 
Historically the area belonged to the Thai kingdoms of Sukhothai and Ayutthaya but was in the possession of the Burmese kingdom at the start of the 1800s. At the end of the First Burmese War in 1826 Tenasserim became part of the territory controlled by the British East India company with the Treaty of Yandaboo. It was then part of Lower Burma. The British had taken the territory as a bargaining chip for future negotiations with either Burma or Thailand. The territory was unprofitably run for a number of years and the British considered giving it up to either Burma or Thailand in the 1830s.
Long after the independence of Burma the northeastern part of Tenasserim became Karen State (now Kayin State). In 1974 Mon State was created, taking the northwestern part of Tenasserim. As the previous capital Moulmein is in the Mon state, the capital of Tenasserim was moved to Tavoy. In 1989 the division was officially renamed to Tanintharyi.
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