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In December, the PGNU was quietly dismantled over the following months and the Lao People's Revolutionary Party (LPRP) was declared the ruling party of the LPDR in December.
A ceasefire agreement was reached in Laos as the USA began negotiating its way out of Vietnam in 1973, (via the Paris agreements, leaving the country was effectively divided into PL and non-PL zones, just as it had been in 1954, only this time under communist control.
From 1964 to 1973, the war in Indochina escalated. From US air bases established in Thailand, US bombers were soon trans-secting Eastern and North-Eastern Laos, North Vietnam and along the Ho Chi Minh Trail on bombing missions. In order to fulfill their orders to release all bombs, B-52 captains would arbitrarily empty their bomb bays over civilian areas in Laos when returning from Vietnamese air strikes;

The neutralist military faction led by Kong Le In August 1960, seized Vientiane in a coup d'etat. Souvanna Phoum was recalled from France to serve as prime minister. Rightist General Phoumi Novasan agreed at first to support the new government and to allow LPF participation.
The participants at the Geneva Conference had finally reached a settlement by 1957. LPF and the Royal Lao Government (RLG) agreed to a coalition government (under the RLG?s Prince Souvanna Phouma)) known as the Government of National Union.Two LPF ministers and their deputies were admitted at the national level.
In 1948, Prince Souphanouvong went to Hanoi to enlist support from the Viet Minh for a Lao communist movement. Kaysone Phomvihane (who later became Secretary-General of the Lao People's Revolutionary Party and Prime Minister of the LPDR), was at the same time making headway among tribal minorities in the mountain districts of Eastern Laos on behalf of Ho Chi Minh's ICP ? the Indochinese Communist Party
Having established protectorates in Tonkin and Annam, the French, with Siamese consent, opened a consulate at Luang Phrabang. Soon thereafter, they convinced Laos to apply for protectorate status as well. It was probably the only feasible choice at the time, though the monarch Oun Kham has been vilified since for giving up Lao sovereignty.
Upon the death of the heirless Surya Vongsa, a three-way stuggle for the throne preceded the breakup of Lan Xang. Surya?s nephew, by the early seventeenth century, controlled the middle Mekong valley around Vientiane, under the Stewardship of Annam.
In what is today Laos and Northern Thailand, several small independent Tai and Mon meuangs existed until the 13th century, when The Tais rebelled against the Khmers, resulting in a coalition of several meuangs which formed the foundation of the Sukhothai Kingdom in Northern Thailand.
The Mongols rise to power in China in the 13th century under Genghis Khan spurred a huge migration of Tai peoples south. Described by one historian as more of an inundation than a migration, the advancing Tais gradually displaced or assimilated the indigenous Austro Burman and Austro Asiatic groups that controlled the area between Vietnam and Assam in Northwest India.
The Mekong River valley and the Korat Plateau, which encompass substantial parts of Laos, Cambodia and Thailand, were inhabited as long as 10.000 years ago. Although data on these prehistoric cultures is limited, evidence shows that production of bronze and glazed ceramics began here earlier than elsewhere in the world.
Laos History Brief
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